Ivanova EA, Myasoedova VA, Melnichenko AA, Orekhov AN.
Curr Pharm Des. 2016 Nov 18. [Epub ahead of print]
Peroxisome proliferation-activated receptors (PPARs) are ligand-activated transcription factors that mainly regulate genes responsible for fatty acid (FA) and energy metabolism. There are three members of the PPAR family, PPAR-α, PPAR- β/δ and PPAR-γ. All three isoforms have therapeutic potential for treatment of cardiovascular disorders, and PPAR agonists are currently being actively studied in pre-clinical and clinical trials. PPAR γ agonists, main tissue expressing isoform, have potential to influence on inflammation processes, reduce oxidative stress, improve endothelial function and plays an important role in lipid metabolism. PPAR-γ agonists are used as insulin sensitizers for treatment of diabetes; however, there is accumulating evidence that their clinical application can be broadened. The wide spectrum of PPAR-γ activation effects may be beneficial for treatment of various cardiovascular conditions as atherosclerosis, hypertension and aortic aneurysm, including surgical interventions. In this Review we will discuss the implication of PPAR-γ in the cardiovascular system and potential role of PPAR-γ agonists in treatment of conditions associated with high cardiovascular risks.