Tertov VV, Kaplun VV, Orekhov AN
Mol Cell Biochem 1998 Jun 183(1-2):141-146.
We have recently demonstrated that lipids, particularly cholesterol, covalently bound to apolipoprotein B (apoB) are a stable marker of low density lipoprotein (LDL) oxidation (Tertov et al. 1995). The present study is an attempt to assess the relationship between the degree of LDL oxidation, evaluated by the content of apoB-bound cholesterol and the ability of LDL to induce cholesterol accumulation in cultured human aortic intimal smooth muscle cells, i.e. LDL atherogenicity. Native LDL was oxidized in vitro by copper ions, 2,2-azobis-(2-aminopropane hydrochloride), or sodium hypochlorite. Minimum degree of LDL in vitro oxidation necessary to convert LDL into atherogenic one was accompanied by an increase of apoB-bound cholesterol to the level much higher than that usually observed in freshly isolated atherogenic LDL from human blood. Moreover, elimination of LDL aggregates from in vitro oxidized LDL preparations by gel filtration led to loss of its atherogenic properties. Thus, the ability to induce cholesterol accumulation in cells, i.e. the atherogenicity of in vitro oxidized LDL is a result of LDL aggregation but not oxidation. We also studied the relationship between LDL atherogenicity and apoB-bound cholesterol content in LDL freshly isolated from healthy subjects and normo- and hypercholesterolemic patients with coronary atherosclerosis. The ability of human LDL to induce cholesterol accumulation in aortic smooth muscle cells did not correlate with the degree of in vivo LDL oxidation (r = 0.12, n = 90). It is concluded that LDL atherogenicity does not depend on the degree of lipid peroxidation in LDL particle.