Tertov VV, Sobenin IA, Orekhov AN
Clin Chem 1995 Jul 41:7 1018-21
Modified low-density lipoprotein (LDL) with a low sialic acid content was found in the blood of patients with coronary atherosclerosis. This desialylated lipoprotein causes lipid accumulation in arterial smooth-muscle cells and stimulates cell proliferation and production of the extracellular matrix, i.e., induces all atherogenic manifestations at the cellular level. We have developed a lectin-sorbent assay for the determination of desialylated LDL in sera. The assay is based on the binding of desialylated LDL by immobilized Ricinus communis agglutinin with subsequent measurement of lipoprotein through use of anti-apolipoprotein (apo) B antibody. The assay is sensitive to desialylated apo B concentrations as low as 5 micrograms/L. The intraassay and interassay CVs were 4.8% and 11.3%, respectively. Comparison between the lectin-sorbent assay and a lectin chromatographic technique showed a good correlation. This determination of modified desialylated LDL in human serum with high accuracy and reproducibility may help establish the diagnostic value of this lipoprotein as a risk factor of atherosclerosis.