Andreeva ER, Rekhter MD, Romanov YuA, Antonova GM, Antonov AS, Mironov AA, Orekhov AN
Tissue Cell 1992 24:5 697-704
The present study analyzed effects of different cAMP-elevators on cell morphology in primary culture of human intimal and medial cells from grossly normal and atherosclerotic areas. In primary culture of human aortic cells adenylate cyclase activator forskolin and other cAMP elevators induced arborization of cells, i.e. they reversibly changed the shape of cells. This resulted in the formation of thin branching processes and in the concentration of cytoplasm around the nucleus. In the culture, the shape of the arborized cells resembled that of stellate ones detected in the aortic intima in situ. The arborization of cells was accompanied by destruction of myofilaments. Due to cAMP elevators' effect, most of the arborized cells were exhibited in the cultures isolated from the elastic-hyperplastic layer of the intima. The number of arborized cells was significantly less in the cultures isolated from the musculo-elastic layer and still lesser in those isolated from media. We failed to reveal any significant difference in the number of arborized cells cultured from fatty streaks, atherosclerotic plaques and grossly normal aortic areas. Obtained results suggest that the previously revealed polymorphism of human aortic intimal cells may be accounted for by the cell shape transformations underlined by the mechanism similar to that of arborization in vitro.