Sobenin IA, Tertov VV, Orekhov AN
Biull Eksp Biol Med 1991 Sep 112:9 250-2
We have studied a combined effect of glycosylated low density lipoproteins (LDL) on the cholesterol content of cells cultured from unaffected human aortic intima. Native LDL did not alter the intracellular cholesterol level while glycosylated LDL taken in the concentration of 50 and 100 mg/ml increased the cell cholesterol content by 30 and 70 percent, respectively. The effect of the same concentrations of glycosylated LDL treated with neuraminidase (desialylated-glycosylated LDL) was twice as powerful. Desialylated LDL in the concentration of 50 and 100 mg/ml raised the cholesterol level by 1.4- and 2.1-fold, respectively. Simultaneous incubation of cells with glycosylated (50 mg/ml) and desialylated (50 mg/ml) LDL brought about a 3.4-fold increase in intracellular cholesterol. The obtained data suggest that intensive development of atherosclerosis in diabetes mellitus may be partially explained by synergic effects of desialylated and glycosylated lipoproteins as well as LDL with both types of modification.