Rekhter MD, Andreeva ER, Alimov GA, Mironov AA, Orekhov AN
Tsitologiia 1990 32:11 1102-5
Three-dimensional network of smooth muscle cells (SMC) with processes was found in the subendothelial intima of human aorta. The cells were connected with each other through gap junctions. In the direction from the media to the endothelium the number of plasma membrane caveolae increased, their distribution becoming more random. In the fatty streak, the integrity of cellular network was seen destroyed. In the extracellular matrix multilamellar ball-like structures containing large intramembranous particles appeared. In the fibrous plaque, SMCs are completely isolated by connective tissue fibres.