Prokazova NV, Orekhov AN, Mukhin DN, Mikhailenko IA, Kogtev LS, Sadovskaya VL, Golovanova NK, Bergelson LD
Eur J Biochem 1987 Sep 1 167:2 349-52
The composition, structure and localization of gangliosides of aorta taken from subjects who had died after myocardial infarction were studied. Individual gangliosides were purified by high-performance liquid chromatography and high-performance thin-layer chromatography and were characterized on the basis of their chromatographic mobility, carbohydrate composition, neuraminidase hydrolysis and methylation analysis. The main aortic gangliosides were identified as GM3, GM1, GD3, GD1a and GT1b. Significant differences in the ganglioside composition of intima and media were detected and the ganglioside profile of atherosclerotic plaques was found to differ markedly from that of unaffected intima. The latter was characterized by high content of GD3, a ganglioside thought to be associated with membrane permeability, cell interaction, adhesiveness and growth and to suppress unspecific immune responses. Possible implications of the results in low-density lipoprotein binding to the arterial wall and in immunological changes induced by atherosclerotic lesions are discussed.