Tertov VV, Orekhov AN, Grigorian GYu, Kurennaya GS, Kudryashov SA, Tkachuk VA, Smirnov VN
Tissue Cell 1987 19:1 21-8
Cyclic AMP and cyclic GMP content and activities of cyclic nucleotide metabolic enzymes were determined in intima and media of atherosclerotic and unaffected human aorta obtained shortly after death due to myocardial infarction. Cyclic AMP content in fatty streaks and atherosclerotic plaques was lower by three- and five-fold, respectively, as compared with uninvolved intima. Cyclic GMP level in atherosclerotic lesions was estimated to be three-fold higher than in grossly normal area. Basal activity of adenylate cyclase in fatty streaks and plaques was two- to six-fold lower than in unaffected intima. Besides, the ability of adenylate cyclase to be stimulated by the stable analogue of prostacyclin, carbacyclin, was suppressed in plaques. Guanylate cyclase activity in fatty streaks was 1.5- to three-fold higher than in normal tissue. The thiol-reducing agent, dithiothreitol, decreased the enzyme activity to normal level, suggesting the oxidative nature of guanylate cyclase activation in the lesion zone. There were no significant changes in cyclic AMP phosphodiestease activity in the regions of the atherosclerotic lesion. Cyclic GMP phosphodiesterase activity in atherosclerotic plaques was two-fold lower than in the intima of unaffected areas. We did not find differences in the content of cyclic nucleotides or related enzyme activities in the media of uninvolved areas of human aorta nor in the media underlying atherosclerotic lesions. Our findings suggest that development of human atherosclerotic lesions is accompanied by dramatic changes in the cyclic nucleotide metabolism featuring gradual hormonal receptor uncoupling from adenylate cyclase, activation of guanylate cyclase in fatty streaks and inhibition of cyclic GMP phosphodiesterase in plaques.