Orekhov AN, Tertov VV, Mukhin DN, Koteliansky VE, Glukhova MA, Khashimov KA, Smirnov VN
Biochim Biophys Acta 1987 May 18 928:3 251-8
Low-density lipoproteins (LDL) were incubated with elastin particles, collagenase-resistant debris isolated from human aorta, and latex beads of 1.13 microns in diameter. As a result of incubation, insoluble LDL-associates were formed. These associates, as well as LDL-heparin-fibronectin-gelatin complexes described by other workers, were added to a 7-day primary culture of enzyme-isolated cells of human aortic subendothelial intima. The culture contained a mixed cell population made up mostly of typical and modified smooth muscle cells. 24 h later, total cholesterol, phospholipid, triacylglycerol, free cholesterol and cholesteryl ester levels were measured. Addition of insoluble LDL-complexes as well as LDL-associates to culture brought about a substantial accumulation of intracellular lipids; primarily, cholesteryl esters. The total cholesterol level in cultured cells was raised 3- to 8-fold. Addition of free LDL or LDL-free particles had no effect on the content of intracellular lipids. The results obtained allow the assumption that the occurrence of the LDL-mediated accumulation of intracellular lipids is due mainly to the LDL penetration inside the cell via 'nonspecific' phagocytosis and not through a regulated receptor-dependent pathway.